Game theory 101
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Bargaining and More
Expected Utility Theory
Bargaining with Outside Options
This lesson investigates how bargaining works when one of the actors has an outside option he can take in the absence of an agreement.
An "inside option" is the bargaining offer a player can take.
An "outside option" is a payoff a player can get if bargaining fails. Here, in the context of interstate bargaining, the outside option is the player's payoff if the states go to war.
Generally, the better a player's outside offer is, the better the player's inside offer will be. The idea here is that the player making the offers has to give more to induce the receiver to accept.
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